Tipologi Pandangan Ulama tentang Munasabah Al-Qur’an
Keywords:Meaning of Ummi, Muhammad, Mufassir
The issue of munasabah al-Qur'an provokes debate among scholars. Among them there are those who accept their existence loosely, some are moderate, and some are strict. If these differences of opinion are summarized, they will produce a kind of map or typology of the views of scholars regarding the munasabah of the Qur'an. In general, the views of the scholars regarding munasabah can be mapped into three typologies, first, the type of mutasahhil, namely scholars who apply easy limits and conditions in determining the munasabah of the Qur'an. Second, the mutasaddid type, namely the ulama who set very strict limits and conditions for the munasabah of the Qur'an. According to them, the Qur'an was revealed in stages over a span of about twenty-three years, in a variety of events and occurrences. The issues and themes discussed were different, and addressed to heterogeneous communities and interlocutors. Thus, munāsabah can only be accepted if the connection occurs in the same matter where the beginning is related to the ending. Meanwhile, if it occurs because of different events, then it is included in a forced case. Third, the type of mutawassit, namely scholars who are moderate in viewing the munasabah of the Qur'an, are not too strict and not too loose. This type is the middle between the first type and the second type. Not forcing munasabah in parts that are considered vague as the second type, and also not denying the passages that are clearly related in terms of the first type.
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