Preskripsi Metodologis Pengembangan Teori Ekonomi Islam dalam Menangani Ketidakpastian (Kelemahan Bawaan dari Manusia Dewasa) dalam Menjalankan Ekonomi Praktis
Keywords:Islamic economic theory, uncertainty, Human Weakness
Islam is a holistic religion that deals with every aspect of life according to human nature where it satisfies human preferences, needs, traits, desires, desires, feelings, souls and thoughts. Allah SWT created human beings who are present with a soul, emotion, care, and love for something beautiful. The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the methodological prescriptions of the development of Islamic economic theory in dealing with innate human weaknesses. This study uses a qualitative-inductive approach. Data were collected using literature study techniques and documentation studies. Secondary data source used. Then, the data were analyzed using qualitative data analysis approaches and techniques. Based on the discussion, the results of the research can be concluded as follows: 1) The elimination of strong, centralized and integrated moral control over churches and institutions that oppress them, especially the paradigm of religious judgment in Western economic thought (such as human economic behavior) is incapable of understanding moral rules leading to the current crisis. Kahneman began studying psychology and behavioral economics. By showing that psychological motivation determines people's behavior, and this motivation is important for economic phenomena. The main point here is the discovery of law, which regulates human economic behavior through moral control imposed by primitive Islamic sources, and has become the main method dictated by the automatic control system of classical Islamic sources founded some 1400 years ago. Therefore, the essence of capitalism with moral control is adopting from Islam. 2) In Islam, all actions are based on the fact that the Qur'an and the Sunnah divide into two areas of rules and moral values, the first is to develop the rational ability to understand moral propositions and prescribed rules, and use them in negotiations. Ability to negotiate and face decisions. Second, from the depths of the individual (nafs) to the depths of the universe, organize and determine the area of ??human observation, intelligence, and reason.